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Delhi - History

Von: Geet (rthym1491@gmail.com) [Profil]
Datum: 07.06.2010 09:52
Message-ID: <16648c3b-0678-4279-9792-41a0448a868d@g39g2000pri.googlegroups.com>
Newsgroup: alt.travel
Delhi - History

Delhi, where a empire rose and fell before the dawn of history; where
citadels of emperors appeared and disappeared; a city of mysterious
eternity whose old ruins proclaim a majestic and imperial past and
whose present pulsates vibrantly with the ever flowing life of India.
The eternal Jamuna bears witness to the glorious and tumultuous 5,000
year old history of Delhi. A history which begins with the creation of
Indraprastha by the Pandavas and the transformation of this barren
gift of the Kauravas into an idyllic haven.

A history which encompasses all the various kings and emperors who
fixed their royal citadels here-- Indraprastha, Lal Kot, Quila Rai
Pithora, Siri, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad, Ferozabad, Dinpanah, Delhi
Sher Shahi or then Shahjahanabad. but, combined and integrated into
one, these 'new cities' have always been called Delhi and howsoever
many names it may have acquired, Delhi has always been intrinsically
identified with power and imperial sway. There have been at least
eight cities around modern Delhi, and the old saying that whoever
founds a new city at Delhi will lose it has come true every time --
most recently for the British who founded New Delhi in 1911.

The historic Purana Qila, which has stood witness to Delhi's
rejuvenation, periods of anarchy, and the rise & fall of empires,
brings alive history of the capital. Amidst the tranquility of the
splendidly panoramic environs of Purana Qila, Delhi's historic and
legendary past come to life. After Shah Jahan built Red Fort the
attention of administration shifted to gorgeous palaces of the fort.
Today the fort is open for the public but only limited area can be
accessed. More than half of the fort area has been taken over by the
Army. But even what is open to visit reminds one of the splendour and
lavish life style which our rulers lived. Delhi has seen the death of
many empires and resisted bloody attempts to eliminate her. Nadir Shah
had ordered his soldiers to plunder and massacre Delhi. It is said
that he got so much wealth from Delhi that he was not able to carry in
home. Abdali and Taimur Lane were no different they had tried their
best to demolish the city of Delhi but it was some kind of a boon
which helped it to regain its lost glory each time Delhi was
plundered.

Delhi was the focal point for the first war of independence in 1857.
Though the revolt did not reach its desired conclusion, Delhi became a
thorn in the eyes of the British. Not only in ancient times or the
mediaeval period, Delhi has been the center of any activity at all
times. As the Britishers shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi,
all the activities during the freedom struggle were directed towards
Delhi. Thus, Delhi also bears the marks of the freedom struggle. The
ultimate goal of the Azad Hind Fauz during the freedom struggle was to
capture Delhi and established Swaraj. The slogan 'Dilli Chalo' is
still used by leaders and political parties when they oraganise any
rally or demonstration. It was the hosting of the tricolour at Red
Fort in Delhi which marked a chapter in the history of India.



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